Office of Energy & Infrastructure Programs

Infrastructure is the basic physical and organizational structures  for the operation of a society or enterprise, or the service
Infrastructure is the basic physical and organizational structures for the operation of a society or enterprise, or the services and facilities necessary for an economy to function.


Infrastructure programs are essential to achieving USAID’s development objectives in health, education, economic growth, food security, governance and post-conflict and post-disaster reconstruction. 

USAID’s approach to infrastructure improvements is more than just bricks and mortar, pipes and wire.  It also involves establishing effective and sustainable service providers and institutions that can operate, maintain and renew critical facilities. The Agency’s approach to infrastructure also emphasizes identification and application of best practices, and learning based on evidence of effectiveness.

With 27 employees and an annual budget of approximately $12.8 million in fiscal year 2015, E3’s Office of Energy and Infrastructure (E3/E&I) is an essential service provider, repository of technical expertise, and “force multiplier” for the agency’s missions world-wide.

Energy Programs

USAID’s energy program focuses on the following areas:

  • Energy sector reconstruction in countries recovering from conflict and natural disasters
  • Increased access to clean energy through expanded grid supply of renewable energy and scaling of off-grid decentralized solutions
  • Energy for economic growth
  • Energy for health, agriculture and education programs

The E&I Office supports agency energy programs that totaled $600 million in FY 2014. Energy programs emphasize several themes, including promoting energy sector reforms that are widely recognized as prerequisites to private investment, access and sustainability.  We also support efforts to scale up clean energy. Key building blocks associated with scaling up clean energy include: competitive procurement, grid integration, planning, and smart incentives. The E&I Office works to scale distributed energy solutions through innovative business models, technologies, and financing. Launched in June 2012, USAID’s Powering Agriculture: An Energy Grand Challenge for Development is using $12 million to leverage over $35 million in other donor and private contributions to find clean energy solutions that will transform agriculture and empower farmers in the developing world.  The E&I Office is also providing essential technical input to the Power Africa initiative.

Engineering and Urban Programs


The E&I Office provides support by licensed Professional Engineers to its field missions not only for the design and implementation of traditional large-scale infrastructure programs, such as roads and bridges, potable water and sanitation, energy, post-disaster and conflict reconstruction, but also for health, school, and judiciary facilities, housing, solid waste, protective structures, and preservation of cultural heritage structures.  The Office is also leading the Agency’s Construction Improvement Program to implement the recommendations of the USAID 2014 world-wide Construction Assessment. 

Urban Services

The majority of the world’s population now lives in urban areas, where most of the world’s energy is consumed and where the greatest concentration of infrastructure and services are located.  The majority of services, many of which depend on energy and infrastructure, are now also delivered in urban areas.  In addition to physical infrastructure, USAID works to improve the governance framework for urban service delivery.  In late 2013, USAID released a policy entitled “Sustainable Service Delivery in an Increasingly Urbanized World.” The E&I Office is currently in the process of devising specific policy implementation guidance to enable USAID missions to use this policy to address urban challenges and opportunities. The policy will help USAID achieve its goals for priorities such as climate change, global health, and food security.  

For More Information

Last updated: June 29, 2015

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