USAID/OFDA Annual Reports

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Fiscal Year 2014: Year in Review

In fiscal year (FY) 2014, USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) responded to 47 humanitarian emergencies in 42 countries, assisting tens of millions of disaster-affected individuals around the world.

Nearly 43 percent of USAID/OFDA’s FY 2014 funding supported humanitarian programs in Africa. In West Africa, USAID/OFDA responded to an Ebola outbreak in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone through support for safe burial teams and social mobilization activities, among other interventions. USAID/OFDA provided critical, life-saving assistance following an increased scope of humanitarian needs related to a mid-December 2013 outbreak of fighting in South Sudan, as well as increased displacement in Sudan’s Darfur Region and the Two Areas. USAID/OFDA also met conflict-related emergency needs in the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Somalia; assisted drought-affected populations in the Horn of Africa and the Sahel to recover livelihoods; and provided logistics support and relief commodities in response to floods in Burundi. In Southern Africa, USAID/OFDA continued emergency programs in three countries due to increased food insecurity related to drought and provided assistance following an earthquake in Comoros.

USAID/OFDA provided more than $298 million—the most funding for a single disaster in FY 2014—to support individuals affected by the crisis in Syria. As it extended into its fourth year, the crisis left 10.8 million people in need of humanitarian assistance—a 59 percent increase over the previous year. Through local partners, international NGOs, and UN agencies, USAID/OFDA prioritized the delivery of relief commodities and support for emergency medical care, in addition to WASH interventions. Elsewhere in the Europe, Middle East, and Central Asia region, USAID/OFDA assisted conflict-affected populations in Gaza, Iraq, and Yemen, displaced people in Ukraine, and flood-affected populations in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia.

In Asia, USAID/OFDA supported populations affected by complex emergencies in Afghanistan, Burma, and Pakistan. In addition, USAID/OFDA responded to humanitarian needs arising from natural disasters including, floods, landslides, and storms, such as Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines, as well as an earthquake and volcanic eruption. USAID/OFDA also prioritized disaster risk reduction (DRR) programs in Asia, investing in local capacity to prepare for and mitigate the potential negative impacts of future disasters, including through the improvement of community-based early warning systems.

In Latin America and the Caribbean, USAID/OFDA responded to emergency needs resulting from floods and severe weather. USAID/OFDA also implemented numerous DRR programs in the region to strengthen local disaster response capacity and promote techniques to mitigate the effects of disasters.

In FY 2014, USAID/OFDA maintained a DART for the Syria crisis and deployed DARTs to respond to Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines, complex crises in South Sudan and Iraq, and the Ebola outbreak in West Africa. USAID/OFDA also maintained or stood up corresponding Washington, D.C.-based RMTs to facilitate coordination efforts. USAID/OFDA provided more than $1.1 billion in FY 2014, including more than $886 million for disaster response activities. These interventions saved lives while also promoting early recovery and building resilience to future stresses, as the situation allowed. In FY 2014, USAID/OFDA also contributed more than $103 million in DRR funding to help communities across the world prepare for and mitigate the effects of disasters, as well as more than $54 million for disaster response programs that incorporated DRR activities.

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Last updated: August 25, 2015

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