Over the last 15 years, Tanzania has made a number of important achievements in public health, including a decline in childhood deaths. Between 2003 and 2012, HIV prevalence fell from 7.0 to 5.1 percent. In addition, there has been a six-fold increase in the number of Tanzanian adults who know their HIV status, and more adults are using condoms to protect themselves from HIV infection. More children are fully immunized and sleep under insecticide-treated nets, and more pregnant women are taking preventive treatment to reduce the consequences of malaria in both the woman and her unborn child.
However, maternal, newborn and child health can still be improved, and Tanzania must continue to battle HIV/AIDS and other health issues such as tuberculosis, malaria, respiratory infections, and diarrhea. These issues are exacerbated by underlying food insecurity and nutritional deficiencies.Tanzania also has some of the lowest coverage rates of health personnel in the world.
USAID is working with the Government of Tanzania to control malaria, prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission, and provide children with life-saving nutritional supplements, train health workers, improve maternal health facilities and scale up voluntary family planning services. USAID also works with indigenous Tanzanian organizations to address women and girls’ empowerment.
Last updated: November 20, 2015