Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Sudan

September 14, 2015

Food Security Situation

Map of Sudan - UN OCHA
  • Sudan is classified as a least developed and low-income food-deficit country. The U.N. Development Program’s 2014 Human Development Index ranks Sudan 166 out of 187 countries. Approximately 2 million children are acutely malnourished and 6.6 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance.

  • Food insecurity in Sudan is attributed to conflict-generated displacements, resultant loss of assets, limited access to agricultural land, limited income-generating activities, and natural disasters. High staple food prices and the influx of more than 191,000 refugees from South Sudan since the conflict erupted there in December 2013 are additional drivers of food insecurity. Additionally, below average May-to-July rainfall has delayed main season planting across most of the country.

  • Despite a strong national harvest during the main 2014-2015 agricultural season, approximately 4.2 million people are projected to be food insecure during the peak of the July-to-December lean season this year. High levels of acute food insecurity are likely to persist in Darfur, South Kordofan, and Blue Nile, especially among displaced populations, due to ongoing insecurity, widespread displacement and reduced access to agricultural lands.  

Food Assistance Programs

  • The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) now targets over 2.5 million food-insecure Sudanese in Darfur, Blue Nile, South Kordofan, and Central and Eastern Sudan as well as South Sudanese who have fled to Sudan.

  • FFP partners with international agencies including the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) and the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to provide assistance to internally displaced persons, refugees, returnees’ host communities, and conflict-affected populations, as well as to distribute ready-to-use therapeutic foods to acutely malnourished children. The goals are to save lives, reduce seasonal food insecurity, stabilize nutrition rates, and restore the livelihoods of vulnerable populations. Assistance includes in-kind food from the U.S., local and regional purchase of food, vouchers and cash transfers. 

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2015 $171.3 million 137,129 MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $195.8 million 181,994 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $186.6 million 162,541 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $175.4 million 150,072 MT
Fiscal Year 2011+ $209.1 million 189,140 MT

FIscal Year 2015 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development ---- ----
Title II Emergency $131.5 million 122,470 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) $39.8 million 14,659 MT

Food Security Situation information provided by FEWS NET, WFP, and UNHCR as of September 2015
+Fiscal Year 2011 includes contributions made to South Sudan before July 9, 2011.

Last updated: September 14, 2015

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