Southern Africa remains the region of the world most severely affected by HIV/AIDS. The burden of the epidemic in the region is staggering; in several Southern African countries more than a fifth of the adult population is infected with HIV/AIDS. USAID collaborates with regional and international organizations, such as UNAIDS, the South African Development Community (SADC), the international donor community, the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and other U.S. government agencies to provide quality treatment and prevention; strengthen health systems; and provide relief and assistance to orphans and vulnerable children.
Increased trade and open markets are the key components to economic growth and poverty reduction. USAID’s Southern Africa Trade Hub increases international competitiveness, intra-regional trade and food security in Southern Africa. The Trade Hub has introduced a range of modern trade facilitation tools including customs connectivity solutions, one-stop border posts, coordinated border management, trusted trader programs, and national single windows.
USAID’s regional activities support the Feed the Future Initiative, working through country-led plans, strategic coordination, result-based programs, and partnerships to enhance regional food security.
GOVERNING JUSTLY AND DEMOCRATICALLY
Multi-party democracy has more popular support in the region than any other form of governance. However, democratic values and practices remain shallowly rooted, and progress toward democratic consolidation is slow. USAID strengthens the legitimacy and capacity of key governmental institutions, and builds the capacity of civil society groups and regional organizations to advocate for the protection of human rights.
USAID supports programs that promote sustainable economic growth in targeted areas by integrating climate change into policy and decision making, and ensuring sound management of trans-boundary natural resources. USAID/Southern Africa supports the Global Climate Change Presidential Initiative and Congressional Biodiversity and Water ear-marks through its programs. USAID enhances resiliency of critical river basins in Southern Africa, improves capacity to cope with climate change, and advances environmental innovation, currently working in the Okavango, Limpopo and Orange-Senqu River Basins.
Climate change has the potential to be a major stressor limiting devel-opment potential in Southern Africa over the next century. USAID promotes the integration of climate change into policy, decision-making and practice. USAID/Southern Africa promotes the development and adoption of innovative, science-based solutions to support vibrant and ecologically sustainable development. This includes innovative research on renewable energy solutions, combating invasive aquatic species, and rehabilitating coral reefs.
USAID’s Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance provides support to bilateral missions that are facing disasters or crises (e.g. droughts, floods, cyclones) through technical support and advice on how the U.S. government may assist governments to respond to the situation.
FOOD FOR PEACE
USAID’s Food for Peace (FFP) office supports both development and emergency food assistance programs in the region. USAID’s Food for Peace office provides food assistance within Southern Africa partnering with different implementing partners to address food insecurity, combat malnutrition in children and mothers, and alleviate the causes of hunger to improve food security in vulnerable populations. The global Emergency Food Security Program has been utilized in several Southern Africa countries.
Last updated: February 12, 2016