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- Agriculture and Food Security
- Feed the Future
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- U.S. Global Development Lab
July 29, 2015
Food Security Situation
A year and a half after South Sudan officially declared its independence from Sudan, violence erupted in December 2013 which resulted in a major and continuing civil conflict that has led to tens of thousands of deaths, a major economic crisis, massive displacement, and making South Sudan one of the most food insecure country in the world.
The conflict has forced nearly 2.3 million people to flee their homes, including 751,000 who have fled to neighboring countries. More than 1.5 million people are internally displaced, including approximately 166,000 seeking protection at UN peacekeeping compounds.
Large scale displacement in the most conflict-affected areas has negatively affected livestock and crop production. Depreciation of the South Sudanese currency and fuel shortages resulting from the ongoing fighting have further exacerbated the food security environment. Of a population of approximately 12 million people, an estimated 4.6 million will require food assistance through July.
Even prior to the current conflict, South Sudan experienced rates of malnutrition above the UN World Health Organization’s emergency threshold in some areas. Since the conflict began, malnutrition rates have only increased and access to prevention and treatment has become increasingly difficult due to ongoing fighting.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) is the largest supporter of the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) in South Sudan, as it targets 3.2 million people with emergency food assistance, including nearly 1.5 million through the WFP emergency operation (EMOP) and 1.7 million through its protracted relief and recovery operation (PRRO).
Since the crisis began in December 2013, FFP has provided more than $553 million for WFP’s emergency and relief operations, including funding from a seldom-tapped reserve under the Secretary of Agriculture, the Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust (BEHT). In FY 2015 to date, FFP has also contributed $6.1 million to UNICEF to treat severe acute malnutrition in children under the age of five, and $54.1 million to Catholic Relief Services (CRS) for lifesaving emergency food distributions and early recovery food production activities in Jonglei State.
Access continues to be a major challenge for the humanitarian community and FFP is working closely with partners to examine all possible ways to meet current needs in the face of harassment of humanitarian workers and impediments to moving food throughout the country.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$335.2 million||138,350 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$295.7 million||119,040 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$166.0 million||95,274 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$205.5 million||110,499 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$54.6 million||31,160 MT|
Fiscal Year 2015 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||$169.2 million||69,120 MT|
|Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust (BEHT)+||$166.0 million||69,230 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||----||----|
Country Specific Guidance
Last updated: August 03, 2015