- What We Do
- Agriculture and Food Security
- Feed the Future
- Food Assistance
- Food Aid Reform
- Agricultural Markets and Trade
- Agricultural Capacity Development
- Global Nutrition
- Sustainable Agriculture
- Investing in Agricultural Research and Development
- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Ending Extreme Poverty
- Environment and Global Climate Change
- Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
- Global Health
- Water and Sanitation
- Working in Crises and Conflict
- U.S. Global Development Lab
September 14, 2015
Food Security Situation
Since 1991, Somalia has faced continued conflict and changing climatic conditions including both droughts and flooding. In 2011 and 2012, Somalia experienced severe food insecurity and famine which affected 4 million people—approximately half of the country’s estimated population.
Food security will likely deteriorate through December due to below-average harvests in the South, poor rains in the Northwest, intensified conflict and population displacement. The impacts of El Niño may further worsen the situation in riverine areas with anticipated above-average rainfall and potentially severe flooding during the October-to-December rainy season. Approximately 855,000 people are estimated to be in crisis and emergency (IPC Phase 3 and 4) levels of acute food insecurity, of whom nearly 70 percent are internally displaced populations (IDP).
According to recent nutrition surveys, more than 343,000 children under age five are at risk of acute malnutrition through December, with approximately 63,000 facing severe acute malnutrition. These represent significant increases in malnutrition over the previous Post-Gu assessment in 2014, with a 58 percent increase in acute malnutrition rates and a 45 percent increase in severe malnourishment.
Persistent insecurity and restricted humanitarian access in southern and central Somalia continue to create challenges to delivering assistance.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) targets food-insecure Somali households and IDP populations countrywide.
FFP partners with the UN World Food Program, other public international organizations, and non-governmental organizations on relief, nutrition, livelihoods, social safety net, and resilience-oriented activities. These activities include in-kind food assistance and regional procurement, as well as cash- and market-based interventions such as cash transfers, cash for work, and food vouchers.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$100.2 million||40,680 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$127.5 million||53,601 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$77.0 million||38,570 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$161.9 million||65,240 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$89.0 million||36,197 MT|
Fiscal Year 2015 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||$73.8 million||40,680 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||$26.4 million||----|
Last updated: September 14, 2015