Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Somalia

September 14, 2015

Food Security Situation

Map of Somalia
CIA World Factbook
  • Since 1991, Somalia has faced continued conflict and changing climatic conditions including both droughts and flooding. In 2011 and 2012, Somalia experienced severe food insecurity and famine which affected 4 million people—approximately half of the country’s estimated population.  

  • Food security will likely deteriorate through December due to below-average harvests in the South, poor rains in the Northwest, intensified conflict and population displacement. The impacts of El Niño may further worsen the situation in riverine areas with anticipated above-average rainfall and potentially severe flooding during the October-to-December rainy season. Approximately 855,000 people are estimated to be in crisis and emergency (IPC Phase 3 and 4) levels of acute food insecurity, of whom nearly 70 percent are internally displaced populations (IDP). 

  • According to recent nutrition surveys, more than 343,000 children under age five are at risk of acute malnutrition through December, with approximately 63,000 facing severe acute malnutrition. These represent significant increases in malnutrition over the previous Post-Gu assessment in 2014, with a 58 percent increase in acute malnutrition rates and a 45 percent increase in severe malnourishment.
  • Persistent insecurity and restricted humanitarian access in southern and central Somalia continue to create challenges to delivering assistance. 

Food Assistance Programs

  • The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) targets food-insecure Somali households and IDP populations countrywide.

  • FFP partners with the UN World Food Program, other public international organizations, and non-governmental organizations on relief, nutrition, livelihoods, social safety net, and resilience-oriented activities. These activities include in-kind food assistance and regional procurement, as well as cash- and market-based interventions such as cash transfers, cash for work, and food vouchers.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2015 $100.2 million  40,680 MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $127.5 million 53,601 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $77.0 million 38,570 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $161.9 million 65,240 MT
Fiscal Year 2011 $89.0 million 36,197 MT

Fiscal Year 2015 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development ---- ----
Title II Emergency $73.8 million 40,680 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) $26.4 million ----
Title II: In-kind food assistance; EFSP: Cash-based food assistance
Food Security Situation information provided by the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) and the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit - Somalia (FSNAU) as of September 2015.


Last updated: September 14, 2015

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