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- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Ending Extreme Poverty
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- Working in Crises and Conflict
- U.S. Global Development Lab
March 14, 2016
Food Security Situation
Food insecurity caused by lack of access to an adequate and diverse diet affects the poorest and most vulnerable members of the Pakistan population, and is exacerbated by militancy, natural disasters, and lack of basic health and nutrition education. Continued military operations by the Government of Pakistan (GoP) has led to high levels of displacement. In November 2015, the UN Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) estimated that 1.5 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) have returned to the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK).
- Pakistan suffers from a large number of natural disasters which negatively impact food security in Pakistan. On October 26, 2015, a 7.5 magnitude earthquake in Afghanistan impacted Pakistan. The earthquake killed over 270 people, injured 2,158, and destroyed over 14,000 homes in Pakistan.Overall, the food supply situation has been satisfactory following consecutive years of relatively good harvests. The 2014 winter wheat harvest is expected to be a record 25.4 million tons, up 5 percent from last year effectively stabilizing wheat prices. However, high wheat prices resulting from disasters and a poor 2013 harvest remain a contributing factor to food insecurity, especially for low-income households.
Food Assistance Programs
- In FY 2016, USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) contributed $18,475,650 to WFP's Protracted Relief and Recovery Operations (PRRO) in FATA and KPK. USAID/FFP support includes $8.6 million for the local and regional procurement of commodities and nearly $9.9 million in "twinning" funds for logistics and support costs of GoP-donated wheat to meet the emergency needs of vulnerable populations in FATA and KP agencies. In January 2016, WFP expanded the scope of their activities in Pakistan to reach 7,458,700 beneficiaries, chiefly the most vulnerable and severely food insecure populations. USAID/FFP has also contributed 1,150 MT of Wheat Soy Blend—valued at $1,495,800—to support community-level acute malnutrition management activities.
- In response to the October 26 earthquake, USAID/FFP redirected $1 million in USAID/FFP funded food commodities from the WFP emergency program in Pakistan to address the urgent food needs of earthquake-affected households. USAID/FFP earthquake assistance included more than 1,600 MT of cooking oil, flour, and salt— an amount sufficient to feed more than 17,000 households, or approximately 103,000 people, for one month. The USAID/FFP support covers nearly one-third of WFP’s three-month earthquake relief and recovery project targeting earthquake-affected areas of Chitral, Shangla, and Swat, as well as FATA’s Bajaur and Mohmand agencies.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2016||$20.0 million||48,870 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$57.0 million||187,529 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$67.3 million||76,210 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$80.8 million||51,400 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$95.6 million||93,163 MT|
Fiscal Year 2016 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||$1.5 million||1,150 MT|
|Emergency Food Seucrity Program (EFSP)||$18.5 million||47,720 MT|
Note: EFSP: Emergency Food Security Program; MT: Metric Ton; FFP: Food for Peace; WFP: Word Food Program; IDP: Internally Displaced Person; NWA: North Waziristan Agency; FATA: Federally Administered Tribal Areas; KPK: Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
Food Security Situation information is provided by WFP and UNHCR as of January 2016. FY 2016 contribution based on funds obligated as of January 2016.
Success Story: Donors Pool Resources to Feed Conflict-Displaced in Pakistan
Last updated: March 14, 2016