Democracy, Human Rights, and Governance Fact Sheet: Strengthening Local Governance in Haiti (2014)


Municipalities in Haiti are responsible for providing a wide range of services to the population.  However, most local governments struggle to pay operating costs and are largely dependent on the national government to fund public services or infrastructure improvements.  Haitian law establishes a legal basis for local taxation, but many municipalities only collect a fraction of the possible revenue.  Lastly, due to a scarcity of trained staff and antiquated management systems, most municipalities lack the capacity to transform these few resources into public services.
The USAID-funded Limiyè ak Òganizasyon pou Kolektivite yo Ale Lwen (LOKAL+; Transparency and Organization for Municipal Progress) program will provide assistance at both ends of the decentralization spectrum, working with targeted municipalities to improve tax collection, management, and service delivery, as well as with national government entities to improve the legal framework and to increase the resources available to municipalities.
Municipalities collaborating with LOKAL+:
  • Acul du Nord
  • Cap-Haïtien
  • Caracol
  • Carrefour
  • Delmas
  • Kenscoff
  • Limonade
  • Ouanaminthe
  • Saint-Marc



Over the next five years, LOKAL+ aims to increase the delivery of community-prioritized public services in eight to ten target municipalities through the following activities:



  1. Strengthening the capability of communal governments to provide services:  By consulting its citizenry, planning strategically, budgeting realistically, managing funds transparently, and executing projects efficiently.
  2. Generating a sustainable increase in local revenues to pay for local services:  The project will install locally developed municipal tax management software and train municipal fiscal agents to census taxable capital, value assets, and manage a taxpayer database to both increase the tax base and streamline collection.
  3. Leveraging greater access to central government funding and services:  By working with line ministries, departmental delegations, and the Ministry of the Interior, the project will strengthen the central government’s ability to fulfill their roles and responsibilities on which the quality of municipal services depends.
  4. Improving national-level policy and legislation in support of decentralization and deconcentrated services:  The project will support the Haitian government to write and promulgate laws and regulations that improve local public administration and bring government close to the people.
  5. Increasing transparency, oversight and accountability of local governments and deconcentrated service providers:  LOKAL+ plans to engage a broad network of civil society organizations in municipal oversight, work with mayors to improve transparency and communication, and provide support for municipal audits.

Key Achievements in FY 2014

  • Municipal Investment Plans developed and adopted in Ouanaminthe and Cap-Haïtien.
  • Equipment and software installed for tax and budget management in four municipalities.
  • Municipality of Carrefour demonstrated more transparency and accountability toward citizens.
  • Community organizations in six municipalities mapped and trained in municipal governance and budget oversight.
  • Four municipalities used CIVITAX – a local tax management system – to design their communal budgets.
  • Improved transparency and tax management system at the Ministry of Interior by taking ownership of CIVITAX.
  • Property census conducted in three communes to increase fiscal revenues.
  • Organizational capacity assessments and improvement plans completed in six municipalities.

Additional Information

Budget: $19.8 million
Life of Project: January 2013 – January 2018
Implementing Partner: Tetra Tech ARD

Last updated: August 14, 2015

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