USAID is helping Afghanistan become a more responsible and integrated member of the region and the world. Great strides have been made in health and education, bringing more Afghans back into economic and civic life.
Institutions that can accountably respond to people’s needs and aspirations are being restored. Investments in infrastructure and human capital are making the country less vulnerable to insurgents and illicit business and more attractive for private-sector enterprise.
Since 1992, the U.S. Government has delivered foreign aid to support Albania’s development, stability and integration into Europe. U.S. aid has helped Albania transition from the most isolated and repressive communist state in Europe to a democracy with a market-oriented economy.
Angola's low level of human development is at odds with its potential for economic prosperity, considering the country's wealth of natural resources. Much of this paradox is explained by the social disruption and physical destruction caused by 27 years of civil war. As sub-Saharan Africa's second largest oil producer and with its tremendous agricultural potential, the country could become a powerhouse for regional trade and investment. USAID focuses on strengthening good governance, increasing economic opportunity, and improving the delivery of social services.
Since 1992, USAID has provided a broad range of development programs in Armenia, shifting from an initial humanitarian emphasis to assistance for economic, political and social transition.
Despite significant economic growth in Asia, major impediments to sustainable development remain. Income inequality is increasing in the region, threatening to undermine the basis of sustainable economic growth. Asia also faces some of the world’s most urgent environmental challenges. Three of the world’s six largest greenhouse-gas emitting countries are in Asia and the region is particularly vulnerable to climate change and deforestation. Countries in Asia continue to suffer from the damaging impacts of infectious disease, including HIV/AIDS, avian influenza, malaria and tuberculosis.
Political, economic, and health reforms mutually reinforce the strategic goals of the U.S. and Azerbaijan Governments.
USAID programs in democracy and governance target efforts to increase institutional transparency in the Parliament and enhance its capacity to address civil society concerns. The programs also seek to advance the rule of law and provide legal advice for citizens opposed to corruption.
Economic growth programs aim to improve the development of the non-oil sector, with an emphasis on helping the agriculture sector to increase export competitiveness.
With its democratic traditions and active participation in international peacekeeping operations, Bangladesh is a key U.S. strategic partner in South Asia. Yet with nearly one in three people living in poverty, the country faces immense development challenges and currently finds itself at an important crossroads in its democratic evolution. The United States works to address the underlying factors that threaten Bangladesh’s ability to serve as a voice for progress and stability in the region and beyond.
The United States seeks to promote the emergence of a democratic and market-oriented Belarus that respects human rights. USAID works with a cross-section of the population to stimulate the country’s transition to a market-based economy through programs that support citizen engagement in decision-making, encourage growth and competitiveness of private business, and improve social and health services’ delivery.
In Benin, we are investing in people, expanding the use of family health services and preventative measures, ensuring that a quality basic education is more widely available, and assisting vulnerable and at risk populations.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
USAID in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) contributes to U.S. Government objectives in the country by helping BiH progress toward a harmonized economy, effective and transparent government institutions with a strong civil society, and a multi-ethnic, tolerant society.
Brazil, the fifth largest country in the world and the largest in Latin America, has become a great economic power. The country has significantly reduced poverty and unemployment rates. It has diminished its dependence on external resources and is now a major partner in national and international development efforts. Nationally, Brazil continues to address rural poverty, income inequality, and social exclusion.
For more than 50 years, USAID has supported Brazil. Today, USAID works closely with the Brazilian government and civil society to build sustainable socio-economic development solutions.
USAID is building the resilience of vulnerable rural residents by:
In light of the transition underway in Burma, USAID sees a need and an opportunity to engage directly with organizations and institutions there to support political reforms, foster ethnic reconciliation and strengthen the capacity of reform-minded individuals and institutions.
As part of this renewed engagement, USAID is re-establishing an in-country mission, allowing us to partner more robustly with the people of Burma to address critical needs. This engagement will build on the already strong U.S. commitment to improving the welfare and well-being of the people in Burma.
In 2010, Burundi completed its second round of national elections following the 2000 Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Accords that provided a negotiated settlement to the nation’s long-standing civil war. Domestic and international observers judged the elections to be free and fair, but the challenge of democratic consolidation remains critical—as does the need to demonstrate peace dividends to a population that is poorer today than when the conflict began in 1993.
Cambodia is transforming in remarkable ways. The country is at peace after decades of conflict, and a majority of Cambodians are optimistic about the future. However, important challenges remain. Parliamentary elections in 2008 were freer than any held in Cambodia. Yet political power remains unevenly spread, and opposition parties are disorganized, divided and subject to manipulation.
Cameroon is rich in natural resources and is a transportation hub for goods going to Chad and Central African Republic. However, very high levels of corruption, poor infrastructure and inefficient government create a difficult business environment that limits economic growth.
Central Africa Regional
The Congo Basin is the second largest tropical rainforest in the world. It holds spectacular and rare biodiversity and serves as a massive carbon sink for greenhouse gases. It is also the source of food, shelter and livelihoods for approximately 60 million people who live in the region.
Central Asia Regional
Stretching from China in the east to the Caspian Sea in the west, the countries of Central Asia have a population of more than 65 million and represent a wide diversity of ethnic groups, languages and clans. The physical landscape is dramatic, ranging from vast steppes to high, rugged mountains, formidable deserts to large rivers, lakes and seas.
Last updated: September 01, 2015