- What We Do
- Agriculture and Food Security
- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Ending Extreme Poverty
- Environment and Global Climate Change
- Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
- Global Health
- Water and Sanitation
- Working in Crises and Conflict
- U.S. Global Development Lab
November 9, 2015
Food Security Situation
Madagascar experiences acute food insecurity due to frequent cyclones, flooding, droughts, and locust infestations. Over the past 35 years, more than 50 natural disasters have struck, affecting more than 11 million people.
According to FEWS NET, three consecutive years of drought have led to early exhaustion of main food stocks, limited labor opportunities, and well above-average staple food prices in southern Madagascar. The El Niño that is currently in effect is likely to continue through the end of the rainy season (March) and result in average to below-average rainfall in the South. This will lead to reduced crop production and agricultural labor opportunities. As a result, poor households in several districts will face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) from November through at least March 2016.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) funds two five-year development projects in Madagascar, implemented by Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) and Catholic Relief Services (CRS), in areas where chronic undernutrition rates are high. Through its program, ADRA aims to ensure women and children practice sound feeding and health behaviors, households produce or purchase enough food to meet their nutritional needs, and communities manage their risks and natural resources appropriately. Similarly, CRS aims to prevent under-nutrition among children under two, increase household incomes, and improve community capacity to manage shocks. These two programs will reach more than 628,000 people.
FFP recently awarded a $2 million grant to the UN World Food Program (WFP) to purchase food commodities locally and regionally to respond to the drought in the south of the country. WFP is providing food assistance to over 67,000 people, including 1,200 pregnant and lactating women and 7,000 children under five years of age, in five districts in Androy and Anosy regions.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$5.2 million||3,300 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$12 million||---|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$9.4 million||4,230 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$18.9 million||20,180 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$22.9 million||20,080 MT|
Fiscal Year 2015 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||$8.4 million*||8,090 MT|
|Title II Emergency||----||----|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||$2 million||1,216 MT|
*Of an expected $13.6 million per year for two development projects.
Note: EFSP: Emergency Food Security Program
Country Specific Guidance
- Madagascar Country Specific Information - FY 2014 RFA (PDF, 519 KB)
Last updated: November 09, 2015