For the first time in its history, Guinea held elections for a new parliament on 28 September 2013. Having experienced more than 50 years of authoritarian regimes since its independence in 1958, the country swore in its first freely elected president in December 2010. The Mission is in the planning phase to support the upcoming presidential and local elections with focus on continuing strengthening political party system, political party dialogue and consensus building, expanded civic and voter education and an increased civil society participation and oversight. In Guinea, USAID focuses on improving governance and human rights and reinforcing accountability and transparency. In this sense, USAID has been partnering with Guinea to strengthen democratic institutions and practices, fight corruption, help national and local government units become more efficient and accountable and build the capacity of civil society and the media. USAID’s approach has been to advance governance by promoting civic participation, curb corruption and expand transparency, especially at the local level through working with civil society and community based organizations.
ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL PROCESS AND LEGISLATIVE STRENGTHENING
USAID continues to support Guinea’s nascent democracy through increased assistance to political parties to be more organized, inclusive and issue-base focused. With the contentious political environment, USAID has elevated its support to political dialogue and consensus building, civic education, civil society participation and oversight role of the electoral process. The overall goal of the project is to support public dialogue and engagement around Guinea’s upcoming elections in order to promote transparent, participatory, peaceful and credible elections. The specific objectives are to: 1) promote political dialogue and build consensus around peaceful and legitimate electoral processes, 2) strengthen a political party system, 3) expand civic and voter education, 4) enhance citizen engagement in and oversight of election systems, processes and management, 5) establish conflict early warning/early response mechanisms and processes and 6) strengthen the CENI.
In promoting the checks and balance mechanism, the Mission will continue to provide support to the legislative branch in order to enhance policy reforms and lawmaking and reinforce parliament’s oversight of the Executive across sectors including health governance. Activities will include: consensus-building through open dialogue, convening of public fora or “town halls” between legislators and constituents (on Ebola, recovery and resilience, etc.), providing technical assistance to the Parliamentary Committee on Health and Social Welfare (on Ebola policy, government response oversight, health system strengthening, etc.), supporting Committee oversight functions, giving technical assistance to legislators and local government on public accountability and oversight to ensure service delivery to Ebola survivors, training of parliamentary staff on public (health) budget formulation, educating parliamentarians and staff on public revenue generation measures and oversight of expenditures, active leveraging of activities planned for health programs behavior change communications and civil society strengthening.
HUMAN RIGHTS AND RULE OF LAW
USAID works to promote the rule of law and elevate human rights across its development agenda in Guinea through strengthening civil society organizations to use the power of law to protect vulnerable populations including marginalized women and girls. Our rule of law initiative in Guinea partners with community-based stakeholders and community paralegals to provide sustained legal and alternative dispute resolution approaches, access to justice and human rights awareness to mitigate and address grievances within urban and rural communities of most affected areas.
Guinea’s system of governance must evolve so that it directly incorporates the participation of citizens into decision-making processes and transparent selection of leaders. Equally, Guinean civil society is often at a loss as to how and when to engage the government and make its needs understood in an organized and civil fashion. USAID support will be tailored to address the root causes of performance gaps, with a focus on the provision of health services. Activities will include: organizational capacity assessments, capacity building workshops, technical assistance on organizational management and budgeting, training on advocacy techniques and approaches, technical assistance on mobilizing organizational constituents, public gatherings to discuss issues of common concern, trainings on fundraising and own-source mobilization, support to civic education campaigns, active leveraging of activities planned for health programs behavior change communications as well as elections and legislative strengthening programs.
USAID/Guinea is currently working to promote national reconciliation, unity and peace consolidation in order to enable a stable environment to sustain its development work. With the rising tensions around the management of the Ebola virus crisis amidst deep mistrust, misunderstanding and miscommunication associated to the disease, the Mission has increased support to civil society, youth and women groups and journalists, public authorities and religious leaders to promote constructive civic engagement. Through peace messages, people-to-people approaches and community dialogues, USAID is building citizens confidence and awareness to provide a peaceful environment through local stakeholders and supporting peace building processes through facilitated dialogues concerning politics, health and several social sensitive issues.
Last updated: December 15, 2015