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Water and Sanitation


Family uses house water connection for the first time
These family members are part of the 1.5 million Egyptians that received water connections in their homes for the first time, due to USAID support in installing more than 700 km of pipelines and 35,000 new or improved house connections.

USAID has invested more than $4.5 billion since 1979 to improve water resource management and provide potable water and sanitation in Egypt. New and upgraded water and wastewater facilities have improved the health and living conditions of more than 22 million Egyptians. Additionally, over 1,200 water users’ associations have been established to empower farmers to participate in the management of irrigation system. In recent years, USAID’s focus has shifted from large capital investments in the water/wastewater sector in major urban areas to broader sector reform and smaller investments in rural areas, particularly in Upper Egypt.


USAID partners with Egyptian counterparts to:

  • Construct and/or upgrade water and wastewater facilities in underserved cities and rural areas using appropriate technology and local contractors.
  • Increase water and land productivity by increasing water use efficiency.
  • Advance policy, legal, and regulatory changes that build on major reforms that began in 2004 with the creation of a regulatory agency and holding company for water and wastewater treatment.
  • Improve operations and management at the holding company and its regional water and wastewater subsidiaries to enable better service delivery.

Project Areas

Potable Water and Sanitation Investments:  USAID is funding the construction of water treatment plants and wastewater collection systems in rural areas. To respond to the urgent needs of the Egyptian people after the January 25, 2011 events, one USAID initiative created job opportunities for day laborers in the construction of facilities, and expanded access to clean potable water and adequate sanitation to underserved areas. The program included the installation of more than 700 km of pipelines and 35,000 new or improved house connections that served more than 1.5 million Egyptians, many of whom are receiving potable water and sanitation services for the first time in their lives. 

Water Resource Management:  As part of a national policy, Egypt has introduced integrated water resource management in districts covering nearly half of Egypt’s agricultural land. USAID partners with the Egyptian people to promote participation by farmers in improved water management through the development and training of water users associations.

Last updated: August 17, 2015

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