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Agriculture and Food Security


A farmer in Nubaria showing his orange trees
USAID is helping Egyptian farmers to comply with FairTrade standards, improving returns for these farmers who recently exported their first crop of oranges to the UK.

USAID works in partnership with the Egyptian people to increase rural incomes and employment, strengthen crop yields, provide access to credit for small and medium sized businesses, and improve trade to ensure long-term sustainability in agriculture. In coordination with the private sector, USAID implements a range of projects including market development, research and extension, skills training, access to credit, and infrastructure improvements to strengthen Egypt’s comparative advantages in this sector. 


USAID works with Egyptian counterparts to:

  • Increase rural incomes and employment opportunities by encouraging Egypt to capitalize on its comparative advantage in horticulture through increasing productivity, decreasing post-harvest losses, and producing higher quality alternate crops.
  • Improve employability of agricultural technical school graduates and their families by creating a cadre of skilled workers for the agricultural industry.

Focus Areas

Production and Marketing:  To capitalize on Egypt’s competitive advantage in agriculture, USAID works with Egyptian farmers to strengthen productivity through diversifying crops and markets, improving yields and quality of crops, expanding farmers’ access to export markets, and integrating fresh produce and processing segments of the industry. As a result, average net income for participating farmers has doubled over four years.

Food Safety: USAID works with Egyptian small growers to develop their competence in the fresh produce supply chain with adherence to the requirements of GLOBALGAP and Fairtrade export standards. This assistance opens international and domestic market opportunities as the small growers comply with food safety requirements and use natural resources more sustainably.  One agriculture cooperative in the program shipped Egypt’s first Fairtrade oranges to the UK last year.

Agricultural Workforce and Employability:  USAID is partnering with Egyptian Agriculture Technical Schools (ATS) to provide training to improve the employability of approximately 100,000 ATS graduates, thereby increasing the incomes of students and their families. In addition to upgrading classrooms and computer labs and training 8,000 instructors in 117 agricultural schools, we are linking educational systems with private workforce needs and linking research institutions with agribusiness needs. 


  • Assisted and trained about 4,000 smallholder farmers, extension agents, and producer organizations on GLOBALGAP and Fairtrade standards required to reach beyond borders and increase incomes.
  • More than 29,000 students at Agriculture Technical Schools have completed internships at 76 commercial farms and 13 factories since 2008.
  • In the past two years our agriculture exports program created almost 7,000 full-time jobs and over 8,000 part-time jobs, increasing rural incomes.
  • The efficiency of irrigation systems was improved through our work in seven villages in Qena governorate, benefiting 15,000 farmers and creating over 300 short-term jobs.


Last updated: October 22, 2015

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