Food Assistance Fact Sheet - Djibouti

February 22, 2015

Food Security Situation  

Map of Djibouti
CIA World Factbook
  • Dry conditions – caused in part by the ongoing El Niño phenomenon – persist across much of Djibouti. Although the October-to-February rains have regenerated pasture and increased water availability, pasture conditions remain poor in southeastern, northwestern and Obock pastoral areas. Poor households in these areas are expected to remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) levels of food insecurity through March.  

  • Recurrent drought in the region has made life particularly difficult for pastoralists, who have lost up to 70 percent of their livestock. Given that Djibouti’s climate is unsuitable for crop production, its population is dependent on imported food, leaving them vulnerable to high food prices. Additionally, an estimated one in every three children is stunted and nearly 18 percent of children are affected by global acute malnutrition.

  • Djibouti continues to deal with a protracted refugee crisis, hosting nearly 30,000 refugees from Somalia, Eritrea and Ethiopia, as well as more than 6,000 recent arrivals of Yemeni refugees, fleeing the ongoing conflict in their own country. Refugee camps in Djibouti are located in very isolated areas and refugees are prohibited from working, leaving refugees entirely dependent on assistance. 

Food Assistance Programs

  • FFP supports the UN World Food Program (WFP) to provide food assistance to 75,600 of the most vulnerable and severely food insecure in Djibouti. WFP is distributing emergency food rations to approximately 20,500 people and assisting an estimated 18,500 people with food-for-work programs. FFP programs aim to reduce short term hunger among communities affected by recurrent drought emergencies and increasing food prices through targeted relief and recovery interventions while building government and community capacities. FFP also provides funding and in-kind Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Foods (RUTF) to UNICEF to treat severely malnourished children under five.

Food for Peace Contributions

Total Contributions:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Fiscal Year 2015 $3.2 million 2,800 MT
Fiscal Year 2014 $3.4 million 3,650 MT
Fiscal Year 2013 $3.6 million 3,530 MT
Fiscal Year 2012 $2.3 million 2,140 MT
Fiscal Year 2011 $4.8 million 4,380 MT

Fiscal Year 2015 Contribution Breakdown:

  U.S. Dollars Metric Tons
Title II Development ---- ----
Title II Emergency $3.2 million 2,800 MT
Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) ---- ----

Food Security Situation information is provided by WFP, FEWS NET and UNICEF as of February 2016

The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of food insecurity.  The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal—IPC I—to Famine—IPC 5.

Last updated: February 25, 2016

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