- What We Do
- Agriculture and Food Security
- Feed the Future
- Food Assistance
- Food Aid Reform
- Agricultural Markets and Trade
- Agricultural Capacity Development
- Global Nutrition
- Sustainable Agriculture
- Investing in Agricultural Research and Development
- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Ending Extreme Poverty
- Environment and Global Climate Change
- Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
- Global Health
- Water and Sanitation
- Working in Crises and Conflict
- U.S. Global Development Lab
July 23, 2015
Food Security Situation
Djibouti has a climate unsuited to production of crops other than small amounts of vegetables. Agricultural production accounts for only three percent of gross domestic product (GDP) and 90 percent of food requirements are imported. Rural livelihoods depend primarily on livestock. As a result, the country is extremely vulnerable to international market changes and rising food prices.
Poor rainfall has led to a continuing drought, causing alarming food shortages, rising prices and high levels of malnutrition. In the southeast and the Obock region, consecutive poor rains resulted in an early start to the lean season, while reducing poor households’ access to food and income. Currently, an estimated 18 percent of children under age 5 are wasted and approximately 6 percent suffer from severe acute malnutrition.
Djibouti continues to host to over 21,500 refugees, mostly from Somalia. The ongoing arrival of refugees and the recent influx of approximately 20,000 people fleeing the conflict in Yemen have increased humanitarian needs in all sectors.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) is targeting nearly 151,000 food-insecure people including refugees, primarily from Somalia, and Djiboutian pastoralists severely affected by several years of erratic rains.
FFP partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP) to provide food assistance to vulnerable groups and refugees countrywide. The program aims to reduce short term hunger among communities affected by recurrent drought emergencies and increasing food prices through targeted relief and recovery interventions while building government and community capacities. FFP also provides funding and in-kind Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Foods (RUTF) to UNICEF to treat severely malnourished children under five.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$3.2 million||2,800 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$3.4 million||3,650 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$3.6 million||3,530 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$2.3 million||2,140 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$4.8 million||4,380 MT|
Fiscal Year 2015 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||----|
|Title II Emergency||$3.2 million||2,800 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||----||----|
٭Food Security Situation information is provided by WFP, UNICEF and FEWS NET as of June 2015.
Last updated: July 23, 2015