Yemen

Aaliyah, a 7-year-old IDP, fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water.
Aaliyah, a 7-year-old internally displaced person (IDP), fetches clean water from a newly rehabilitated water point funded by USAID/OFDA and installed by partner ADRA in Sana’a Governorate, Yemen.
Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA)

Latest Yemen Fact Sheet


Key Developments

Ongoing insecurity remains a key constraint to humanitarian access in many parts of Yemen. Despite a five-day humanitarian pause announced by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on July 25, airstrikes and ground fighting between al-Houthi and pro-Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) forces continued in at least eight governorates, according to the UN.

Humanitarian aid, particularly food commodities and fuel, is gradually arriving, and improved security conditions led to fewer movement restrictions for local residents in July. The humanitarian situation, however, remains precarious. Since late July, UN Humanitarian Coordinator for Yemen Johannes van der Klaauw, UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator Stephen O’Brien, and President of the International Committee of the Red Cross Peter Maurer have each traveled to Aden to observe humanitarian conditions in the city. In early August, staff from several UN agencies conducted a three-day mission to ascertain the possibility of re-opening a common UN office in Aden.

UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food Hilal Elver recently warned of critical food insecurity in Yemen, highlighting that six million people are deemed severely food insecure. According to the August 11 statement, clashes in a number of governorates—including Aden, Ad Dali’, Lahij, and Ta’izz—have prevented staple food items, such as wheat, from reaching civilian populations, and airstrikes have reportedly targeted local markets and trucks carrying food items. Special Rapporteur Elver called for an immediate and unconditional humanitarian pause to allow food and other humanitarian aid to reach populations in need.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING TO YEMEN IN FY 2015*

USAID/OFDA

$13,706,594

USAID/FFP

$39,900,000

State/PRM

$20,900,000

Total U.S. Government Assistance to Yemen

$74,506,594

*These figures are current as of July 24, 2015

Background

Since 2004, conflict between the RoYG and al-Houthi opposition forces has affected more than 1 million people and repeatedly displaced populations in northern Yemen. In the wake of the Arab Spring, increased fighting between RoYG military forces and tribal and militant groups further limited the capacity of the RoYG to provide basic services, exacerbated deteriorating humanitarian conditions among impoverished populations, and resulted in displacement in northern, central, and southern Yemen.

More recently, rising fuel and food prices, high levels of unemployment, conflict, and conflict-related displacement have left nearly half of Yemen’s 24.8 million people food insecure, of which 1 million children suffer from acute malnutrition—the second-highest child malnutrition level in the world. Although overall improvement in the security situation in southern Yemen since 2011 has facilitated the return of more than 150,000 IDPs to areas of origin since July 2012, Yemen hosts an increasing number of migrants and refugees—242,000, the majority from the Horn of Africa—who are also in need of humanitarian assistance.

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Last updated: August 18, 2015

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