Sudan

Sudanese Family
1.7 million people, like this Sudanese family, have been displaced by ongoing violence.
AFP Photo/Ashraf Shazly

Latest Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Conflict in South Sudan continues to prompt the arrival of new refugees to Sudan, raising the total number of refugees from South Sudan since mid-December 2013 to more than 189,700 people as of August 17. Approximately 110,000 of the new arrivals had received humanitarian assistance as of early August.

Approximately 4 million people in Sudan were experiencing Stressed and Crisis—integrated food security phase classification 2 and 3, respectively—levels of food insecurity as of July, according to the USAID-supported Famine Early Warning Systems Network July-to-December Food Security Outlook.

The UN World Food Program (WFP), a partner of USAID's Office of Food for Peace, launched a new relief and recovery program in July. In the coming two years, WFP is targeting 5.2 million people in Sudan with food and cash assistance; the program will focus on providing immediate relief as well as facilitating early recovery and resilience to future shocks.

Background

Sudan continues to cope with the effects of conflict, economic shocks, and perennial environmental hazards, such as drought and flooding, while insecurity, access restrictions, and bureaucratic impediments limit the ability of relief agencies to respond effectively to humanitarian and recovery needs.

Since 2003, the complex emergency in the Darfur region of western Sudan has affected more than 4.7 million people, including more than 1.4 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) who remain in camps, according to the U.N. An upsurge in conflict among the Sudanese Armed Forces, armed opposition groups, militias, and ethnic groups displaced more people—both internally and as refugees to neighboring countries—in the first six months of 2013 than in 2011 and 2012 combined.

In Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states, Sudan’s “Two Areas,” fighting that began in mid-2011 between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North continues. The conflict has severely affected or displaced more than 1.1 million people within the Two Areas and caused more than 234,000 people to flee to neighboring countries, mostly South Sudan, according to the U.N.

The United States has declared disasters in Sudan due to complex emergency each year since 1987. As the largest international donor of humanitarian aid in Sudan, the United States continues to provide impartial, needs-based assistance to all accessible areas and populations, including displaced and otherwise conflict-affected people, individuals living in IDP camps, local communities hosting IDPs, and formerly-displaced returnees.

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    Last updated: August 19, 2015

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