Sudanese Family
1.7 million people, like this Sudanese family, have been displaced by ongoing violence.
AFP Photo/Ashraf Shazly

Latest Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Multi-sectoral humanitarian relief supplies reached Fanga Suk village in Central Darfur State’s Northern Jebel Marra Locality on December 5. Humanitarian organizations distributed the emergency relief commodities—including health, nutrition, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene supplies—to conflict-affected populations in Jebel Marra between December 5 and 15, according to the UN.

Ongoing clashes in South Sudan continue to prompt vulnerable populations to flee to Sudan. Approximately 193,600 South Sudanese refugees arrived in Sudan between December 2013 and December 2015. The majority—more than 59 percent—reside in Sudan’s White Nile State, where relief actors are providing emergency food assistance and other humanitarian assistance.

Relief organizations are developing preparedness and contingency plans to address anticipated humanitarian needs in Sudan as expected poor rainfall—exacerbated by the El Niño climate phenomenon—will likely increase food insecurity beginning in March 2016.


Sudan continues to cope with the effects of conflict, economic shocks, and perennial environmental hazards, such as drought and flooding, while insecurity, access restrictions, and bureaucratic impediments limit the ability of relief agencies to respond effectively to humanitarian and recovery needs.

Since 2003, the complex emergency in the Darfur region of western Sudan has affected more than 4.7 million people, including more than 1.4 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) who remain in camps, according to the U.N. An upsurge in conflict among the Sudanese Armed Forces, armed opposition groups, militias, and ethnic groups displaced more people—both internally and as refugees to neighboring countries—in the first six months of 2013 than in 2011 and 2012 combined.

In Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states, Sudan’s “Two Areas,” fighting that began in mid-2011 between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North continues. The conflict has severely affected or displaced more than 1.1 million people within the Two Areas and caused more than 234,000 people to flee to neighboring countries, mostly South Sudan, according to the U.N.

The United States has declared disasters in Sudan due to complex emergency each year since 1987. As the largest international donor of humanitarian aid in Sudan, the United States continues to provide impartial, needs-based assistance to all accessible areas and populations, including displaced and otherwise conflict-affected people, individuals living in IDP camps, local communities hosting IDPs, and formerly-displaced returnees.

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    Last updated: January 28, 2016

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