Sudanese Family
1.7 million people, like this Sudanese family, have been displaced by ongoing violence.
AFP Photo/Ashraf Shazly

Latest Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Low seasonal rainfall, subsequent planting delays, and poor agricultural conditions will likely contribute to below-average crop yields for the 2015/2016 harvest, resulting in increased risk of food insecurity and malnutrition across Sudan, according to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization and the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network.

The Government of Sudan Ministry of Health and the UN World Health Organization declared a viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF) outbreak in Darfur Region on October 27. Health actors have recorded at least 200 suspected VHF cases in Darfur—including 104 deaths—since August 29.

On October 13, the Central Emergency Response Fund—a pooled humanitarian fund established and managed by the UN to support underfunded emergencies— allocated more than $15 million to address critical funding gaps and provide urgent humanitarian assistance to internally displaced persons and host communities in North Darfur State.


Sudan continues to cope with the effects of conflict, economic shocks, and perennial environmental hazards, such as drought and flooding, while insecurity, access restrictions, and bureaucratic impediments limit the ability of relief agencies to respond effectively to humanitarian and recovery needs.

Since 2003, the complex emergency in the Darfur region of western Sudan has affected more than 4.7 million people, including more than 1.4 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) who remain in camps, according to the U.N. An upsurge in conflict among the Sudanese Armed Forces, armed opposition groups, militias, and ethnic groups displaced more people—both internally and as refugees to neighboring countries—in the first six months of 2013 than in 2011 and 2012 combined.

In Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states, Sudan’s “Two Areas,” fighting that began in mid-2011 between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North continues. The conflict has severely affected or displaced more than 1.1 million people within the Two Areas and caused more than 234,000 people to flee to neighboring countries, mostly South Sudan, according to the U.N.

The United States has declared disasters in Sudan due to complex emergency each year since 1987. As the largest international donor of humanitarian aid in Sudan, the United States continues to provide impartial, needs-based assistance to all accessible areas and populations, including displaced and otherwise conflict-affected people, individuals living in IDP camps, local communities hosting IDPs, and formerly-displaced returnees.

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    Last updated: November 17, 2015

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