South Sudan

Residents of Juba arrive at the UN compound on December 20, 2013 where they sought shelter
Civilians fleeing the fighting in South Sudan have taken refuge at U.N. peacekeeping bases, including the one in the capital, Juba.

Latest South Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

In July, the Government of the Republic of South Sudan (GoRSS) indefinitely suspended humanitarian barge transport—the most cost-effective method for transporting food commodities between Jonglei State’s Bor town and Upper Nile State’s Malakal town. Additionally, limited flight clearances from GoRSS officials for humanitarian flights transporting relief items continue to hinder the delivery of emergency assistance to conflict affected areas.

An increasing number of South Sudanese households are likely to face Catastrophe—integrated food security phase classification (IPC) 5—levels of food insecurity in the conflict-affected Greater Upper Nile Region, according to a late-June report from the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems network. Violence and access denials have hindered humanitarian access to populations in the region and deteriorating economic conditions have led to increased staple food and fuel prices. A Catastrophe designation—as opposed to Famine, also IPC 5—refers to an extreme lack of food at the household level, rather than across whole areas, even when affected individuals are fully using coping strategies, such as missing meals.








Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan in FY 2015


Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan in FY 2014 & 2015 (includes funding for South Sudanese refugees in neighboring countries)


*These figures are current as of July 31, 2015


Since gaining independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, South Sudan has confronted a number of humanitarian challenges, including population movements and returnee integration. Ongoing conflict in Sudan’s Two Areas of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan continues to result in refugee flows into South Sudan, straining scarce resources. In addition, many of the people displaced by violence in 2011 from areas north of the River Kiir in the disputed Abyei Area continue to reside in South Sudan. In the two and a half years since people of South Sudanese origin began returning from Sudan on a large scale directly before and after independence, vulnerable communities in South Sudan have struggled to accommodate more than 700,000 new arrivals, many of whom are rebuilding lives and livelihoods with few resources from which to draw. Inter-communal violence and general insecurity also persist in several parts of the country, particularly in Jonglei State, where fighting has led to significant displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions.

Lingering effects from more than 20 years of north-south conflict, poverty, and continued tension with Sudan, which led to a cessation of oil exports in 2012 that damaged South Sudan’s economy, compound the humanitarian situation. Confronting deteriorating economic conditions, populations are less able to cope with shocks and increasingly rely on the humanitarian community for basic food and non-food assistance. However, insecurity, bureaucratic harassment of relief organizations, logistical challenges, and Government of the Republic of South Sudan-imposed restrictions constrain humanitarian activities across the country, hindering the delivery of critical assistance to populations in need.

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Last updated: August 03, 2015

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