South Sudan

Residents of Juba arrive at the UN compound on December 20, 2013 where they sought shelter
Civilians fleeing the fighting in South Sudan have taken refuge at U.N. peacekeeping bases, including the one in the capital, Juba.

Latest South Sudan Fact Sheet

Key Developments

On August 26, Government of the Republic of South Sudan (GoRSS) President Salva Kiir signed a peace agreement that the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-In Opposition (SPLM-IO) and other stakeholders signed on August 17. However, local and international media have reported violations of the cease fire agreement in recent days.

The USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) projects that South Sudan’s food-insecure population will likely reduce in the coming months in line with seasonal trends, barring an increase in violence. The majority of this reduction is projected to be due to improvements outside of the Greater Upper Nile region; FEWS NET anticipates that the region’s most conflict-affected areas will continue to face Emergency—IPC 4—levels of food insecurity through December due to ongoing conflict, humanitarian access challenges, and below-average harvest yields.

The UN Interagency Standing Committee voted to extend South Sudan’s Level 3 (L3) crisis designation.








Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan in FY 2015


Total USAID and State Assistance to South Sudan in FY 2014 & 2015 (includes funding for South Sudanese refugees in neighboring countries)


*These figures are current as of September 4, 2015


Since gaining independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, South Sudan has confronted a number of humanitarian challenges, including population movements and returnee integration. Ongoing conflict in Sudan’s Two Areas of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan continues to result in refugee flows into South Sudan, straining scarce resources. In addition, many of the people displaced by violence in 2011 from areas north of the River Kiir in the disputed Abyei Area continue to reside in South Sudan. In the two and a half years since people of South Sudanese origin began returning from Sudan on a large scale directly before and after independence, vulnerable communities in South Sudan have struggled to accommodate more than 700,000 new arrivals, many of whom are rebuilding lives and livelihoods with few resources from which to draw. Inter-communal violence and general insecurity also persist in several parts of the country, particularly in Jonglei State, where fighting has led to significant displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions.

Lingering effects from more than 20 years of north-south conflict, poverty, and continued tension with Sudan, which led to a cessation of oil exports in 2012 that damaged South Sudan’s economy, compound the humanitarian situation. Confronting deteriorating economic conditions, populations are less able to cope with shocks and increasingly rely on the humanitarian community for basic food and non-food assistance. However, insecurity, bureaucratic harassment of relief organizations, logistical challenges, and Government of the Republic of South Sudan-imposed restrictions constrain humanitarian activities across the country, hindering the delivery of critical assistance to populations in need.

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Last updated: September 17, 2015

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