Somalia

USAID/OFDA provided life-saving nutrition assistance during the 2011 drought crisis.
USAID/OFDA provided life-saving nutrition assistance during the 2011 drought crisis.
Nancy Lindborg/USAID

 

Latest Somalia Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Average to above-average October-to-December deyr rainfall—associated with the El Niño climatic event—is expected to result in increased livestock production and a nearaverage to average 2016 January/February deyr harvest, moderately improving food security in southern Somalia between January and March 2016, according to the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network and the UN Food Security and Nutritional Analysis Unit for Somalia.
 
From October to December, flash flooding generated by the heavy deyr rains across parts of northern and south-central Somalia affected more than 145,000 people and temporarily displaced approximately 60,000 people, according to the UN.
 
On October 8, U.S. Chargé d’Affaires, a.i., David H. Kaeuper re-declared a disaster for FY 2016 due to ongoing and projected humanitarian needs in Somalia. 
 

Background

Since 1991, Somalia has experienced a persistent complex emergency due to chronic food insecurity, widespread violence, and recurrent droughts and floods. The 2011 drought—widely regarded as the country’s worst in 60 years—severely deteriorated food security among pastoralists and populations in marginal farming areas, resulting in famine in areas of Bay, Bakool, and Lower and Middle Shabelle regions, as well as among internally displaced persons in Mogadishu and the nearby Afgooye corridor.

Despite improvements in recent months, malnutrition rates remain among the highest in the world, and ongoing insecurity in parts of southern and central Somalia—particularly in areas lacking established local authorities and where al-Shabaab is present—contributes to the complex emergency in Somalia.

 

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Last updated: December 29, 2015

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