USAID/OFDA provided life-saving nutrition assistance during the 2011 drought crisis.
USAID/OFDA provided life-saving nutrition assistance during the 2011 drought crisis.
Nancy Lindborg/USAID


Latest Somalia Fact Sheet

Key Developments

On July 29, the Tripartite Commission—comprising the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees and the governments of Kenya and Somalia—agreed to bolster assistance for Somali refugees in Kenya who voluntarily return to Somalia. The commission also developed a five-year strategy to facilitate the voluntary repatriation of approximately 435,000 refugees currently residing in Kenya to nine identified areas in Somalia. The phased strategy includes plans to support the voluntary return of 10,000 refugees in 2015.

In early July, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) released a mid-year report on the Somalia 2015 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP). The report indicated that approximately 3 million people require urgent humanitarian assistance. In addition, nearly one million Somalis are unable to meet basic food requirements, according to the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network. The HRP calls for $863 million in humanitarian assistance to reach 2.8 million people; relief actors reported assisting 658,000 people—nearly 24 percent of the target—as of June 30 while donors had provided nearly $283 million—33 percent—of the requested funding as of August 17.


Since 1991, Somalia has experienced a persistent complex emergency due to chronic food insecurity, widespread violence, and recurrent droughts and floods. The 2011 drought—widely regarded as the country’s worst in 60 years—severely deteriorated food security among pastoralists and populations in marginal farming areas, resulting in famine in areas of Bay, Bakool, and Lower and Middle Shabelle regions, as well as among internally displaced persons in Mogadishu and the nearby Afgooye corridor.

Despite improvements in recent months, malnutrition rates remain among the highest in the world, and ongoing insecurity in parts of southern and central Somalia—particularly in areas lacking established local authorities and where al-Shabaab is present—contributes to the complex emergency in Somalia.


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Last updated: August 18, 2015

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