Pakistan

A medical officer diagnoses a conflict-affected IDP family in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in February 2013.
A medical officer diagnoses a conflict-affected IDP family in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in February 2013.
Photo courtesy of a USAID/OFDA partner.

Latest Pakistan Fact Sheet


Key Developments

On October 26, a magnitude 7.5 earthquake struck northern Afghanistan’s Hindu Kush Region, causing tremors felt in Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan. The earthquake resulted in 280 deaths, injured at least 1,700 people, and damaged approximately 107,000 houses in Pakistan, according to Pakistan’s National Disaster Management Authority. Most severely affected areas include Pakistan’s Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and Chitral, Lower Dir, Shangla, Swat, and Upper Dir districts in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPk) Province.
 
Insecurity persists in Pakistan, with clashes between the Government of Pakistan and militant groups hindering humanitarian access. As of mid-December, conflict-related violence in Pakistan had resulted in more than 900 civilian deaths since the beginning of the year, according to international media.
 
The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) reported that more than 193,900 families—approximately 1.2 million internally displaced persons (IDPs)—remained displaced in FATA and KPk as of November 12. A voluntary GoP repatriation program to FATA, which provides cash grants and transportation assistance, facilitated the return of more than 138,000 IDP families between March and December. 
 

Background

Since August 2008, conflict between the GoP and militants in FATA and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province has resulted in the internal displacement of millions of Pakistanis. Spontaneous and GoP-assisted returns to areas of origin have occurred each year; however, GoP security operations in FATA, primarily Khyber Agency, displaced nearly 412,000 people in 2012, according to the U.N. While returns continue, the overall security situation in Pakistan remains volatile and unpredictable, with ongoing security incidents, sectarian violence, and military operations contributing to displacement and related humanitarian needs.

Pakistan has experienced significant monsoon flooding for three consecutive years, most acutely affecting areas of Balochistan, Punjab, and Sindh provinces. The historic 2010 floods were particularly destructive, affecting more than 18 million people and resulting in nearly 2,000 deaths.

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Last updated: December 21, 2015

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