In pastoralist communities that depend on livestock to pay for food, health services, and education, USAID helps ensure sustaina
In pastoralist communities that depend on livestock to pay for food, health services, and education, USAID/OFDA helps livestock owners establish rangeland management plans, ensuring sustainable and equitable use of grazing areas and water resources.
Save the Children/U.S.

Latest Ethiopia Fact Sheet

Key Developments

Multiple consecutive seasons of below-normal rainfall—exacerbated by the effects of El Niño—have resulted in deteriorating agricultural, livestock, food security, and nutrition conditions in northeastern and central Ethiopia. By early 2016, the UN anticipates that 15 million people will require emergency food assistance and 350,000 children will need treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM); critical needs in drought-affected areas will also require humanitarian agricultural, health, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions.

USAID staff in Ethiopia are coordinating with stakeholders and participating in assessments to determine needs. USAID partners continue to implement life-saving humanitarian response activities, including nutrition interventions, the provision of emergency food assistance, and the distribution of agricultural and livestock supplies. In addition, USAID-funded resilience programs have activated crisis modifier mechanisms that protect development gains by addressing urgent needs in drought-affected areas.


Following consecutive seasons of unfavorable rainfall and harvests in 2010 and 2011, Ethiopia experienced localized precipitation shortages during the February-to-May 2012 belg rainy season in 2012, which hindered recovery for populations that experienced significant food insecurity and malnutrition in 2011. Drought is a major contributor to vulnerability in Ethiopia, as resulting crop and livestock losses have a profoundly negative impact on the lives and livelihoods of farmers and pastoralists.

Populations continue to confront several other challenges—including seasonal flooding, localized inter-communal conflict, above-average food prices, disease outbreaks, and limited access to health and WASH services—that contributed to sustained humanitarian needs and an ongoing complex emergency in Ethiopia.

Last updated: November 24, 2015

Share This Page