Burma

Displaced children using a water pump in Rakhine State, Burma.
Displaced children using a water pump in Rakhine State, Burma.
Brian Heidel/USAID

Latest Burma Fact Sheets

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Key Developments

Humanitarian needs in Burma persist due to ongoing localized conflicts, prolonged population displacement, and continued vulnerability to natural disasters, such as drought.

Clashes during February and March among the Government of Burma military and armed groups in Shan State had displaced more than 6,700 people as of late March, according to the UN.

Below-average rainfall and higher-than-average temperatures, exacerbated by the El Niño climatic event, have resulted in drought conditions across Burma. Combined with the effects of the 2015 floods, which damaged thousands of dams, irrigation systems, water retention ponds, wells, and other water management systems, Burma is facing water shortages that are adversely impacting health and livelihoods.

To date in FY 2016, the U.S. Government (USG) has provided nearly $20 million to assist both internally displaced persons in Burma and Burmese refugees and asylum seekers in neighboring countries, supplementing ongoing USG funding from FY 2015 to respond to humanitarian needs resulting from conflict and natural disasters, including the 2015 floods.

 

 

 

 

 

Background

Ongoing conflicts in multiple states of Burma have resulted in increased internal displacement and humanitarian needs in recent years. In June 2011, a ceasefire between the GoB and the KIO broke down, leading to an upsurge in conflict and associated displacement. In western Burma’s Rakhine State, several bouts of ethnic clashes starting in June 2012 resulted in casualties, property damage, and internal displacement. In Mandalay Region, clashes between Buddhist and Muslim residents of Meiktila city in March 2013 resulted in significant displacement and property damage in Meiktila and surrounding areas.

In addition, Burma faces a number of natural hazards, particularly cyclones, floods, and earthquakes. In May 2008, Cyclone Nargis made landfall in Burma’s Irrawaddy Delta, killing more than 84,000 people and devastating Burma’s agriculture sector and fishing industry.

Related Sectors of Work 

Last updated: April 21, 2016

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