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- U.S. Global Development Lab
November 23, 2015
Food Security Situation
Chad is a low-income, food-deficit country, ranked 184 out of 187 countries in the 2014 UN Development Program Human Development Index. In rural areas of Chad, 87 percent of the population lives below the poverty line.
Over 462,000 refugees and internally displaced persons reside in Chad as a result of ongoing and intensified violence in Sudan, Central African Republic (CAR), and Nigeria. The influx of Chadian returnees from CAR also contributes to a deteriorating socio-economic situation, strained local resources, and increased food insecurity among vulnerable communities.
Communities throughout Chad face chronic food insecurity due to low income, few income generating opportunities, frequent droughts, and limited access to social services.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP), UNICEF, and International Rescue Committee (IRC) on emergency food assistance projects that target vulnerable, food-insecure Chadians and refugees from CAR, Sudan, and Nigeria.
FFP provides in-kind food assistance to support WFP’s efforts across Chad to meet the food and nutrition needs of very vulnerable households and refugees. General food distributions, supplementary feeding, and food for assets reduce household food insecurity, prevent malnutrition, and develop the capacity of partners and communities to meet household food and nutrition needs. Natural resource management and crop storage and preservation activities enable vulnerable households and communities to recover from future shocks. FFP is supplementing its in-kind food assistance response for Nigerian refugees with locally procured food. FFP partner UNICEF also provides ready-to-use therapeutic food to treat over 40,000 children affected by severe acute malnutrition.
FFP also partners with IRC to provide cash transfers and food vouchers to improve food access among vulnerable households in the Barh el Gazal region.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2016||$20 million||12,000 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$65.6 million||36,105 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$73.1 million||47,720 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$57.7 million||39,420 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$101.7 million||64,989 MT|
Fiscal Year 2016 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||---|
|Title II Emergency||$20 million||12,000 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||----||---|
Food Security Situation information provided by WFP, UNHCR and FEWS NET.
FY 2016 contribution based on funds obligated to date.
Last updated: November 23, 2015