- What We Do
- Agriculture and Food Security
- Feed the Future
- Food Assistance
- Food Aid Reform
- Agricultural Markets and Trade
- Agricultural Capacity Development
- Global Nutrition
- Sustainable Agriculture
- Investing in Agricultural Research and Development
- Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
- Economic Growth and Trade
- Ending Extreme Poverty
- Environment and Global Climate Change
- Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
- Global Health
- Water and Sanitation
- Working in Crises and Conflict
- U.S. Global Development Lab
February 24, 2015
Food Security Situation
Chad is a low-income, food-deficit country, ranked 184 out of 187 countries in the 2013 United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Human Development Index. In rural areas of Chad, 87 percent of the population lives below the poverty line.
Over 454,000 refugees and internally displaced persons reside in Chad as a result of ongoing and intensified violence in Sudan, Central African Republic (CAR), and Nigeria. In addition, the influx of Chadian returnees from CAR contributes to a deteriorating socio-economic situation, strained local resources, and increased food insecurity among vulnerable communities.
Communities throughout Chad face chronic food insecurity due to low income, few income generating opportunities, frequent droughts, and limited access to social services.
Food Assistance Programs
The Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partners with the UN World Food Program (WFP), UNICEF, and Catholic Relief Services on emergency food assistance projects that target vulnerable, food-insecure Chadians and refugees from CAR, Sudan, and Nigeria. FFP also partners with Africare on a six-year development program in the Ouaddaï and Batha provinces that strengthens community capacity and early warning systems through education and training activities, and also improves health and nutrition through targeted food distributions, health education, agricultural training, and water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions.
FFP provides both cash and in-kind food assistance to support WFP’s efforts across Chad to meet the food and nutrition needs of very vulnerable households and refugees. General food distributions, supplementary feeding, and food for assets reduce household food insecurity, prevent malnutrition, and develop the capacity of partners and communities to meet household food and nutrition needs. Natural resource management and crop storage and preservation activities enable vulnerable households and communities to recover from future shocks. FFP partner UNICEF provides ready-to-use therapeutic food to treat over 40,000 children with severe acute malnutrition.
FFP also partners with Catholic Relief Services to enhance the resilience of vulnerable households in Ouaddai and Wadi Fira regions through conditional food transfers and activities focused on nutrition and water, sanitation and hygiene.
Food for Peace Contributions
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Fiscal Year 2015||$30.0 million||16,960 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2014||$73.1 million||47,720 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2013||$58.2 million||39,420 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2012||$101.7 million||64,989 MT|
|Fiscal Year 2011||$89.6 million||61,500 MT|
Fiscal Year 2015 Contribution Breakdown:
|U.S. Dollars||Metric Tons|
|Title II Development||----||---|
|Title II Emergency||$ 30.0 million||16,960 MT|
|Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP)||----||----|
Food Security Situation information provided by WFP, UNHCR and FEWS NET as of February 2015
FY 2015 contribution based on funds obligated to date
Last updated: February 25, 2015