The 2006 ceasefire started a recovery process for Burundi after 13 years of ethnic warfare that took an estimated 300,000 lives. In 2010, Burundi completed its second round of national elections following the 2000 Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Accords that provided a negotiated settlement to the nation’s long-standing civil war. Domestic and international observers judged the elections to be free and fair, but the challenge of democratic consolidation remains critical—as does the need to demonstrate peace dividends to a population that is poorer today than when the conflict began in 1993.
Today, USAID collaborates with the Government, international donors, and implementing partners to accelerate social service delivery, enhance food security, advance democratization, and rebuild the country’s economy.
Last updated: October 08, 2015